SPECPOL : Trying to understand what is the real problem and how to breakdown the problem so we can provide an solution of the diamond issue.
13 August, 2018. Tia Prasyatiani
There’s an issue today that diamond has a serious problem in much country. The representative of each country in the UN Special Political and Decolonization deliver the argument about the urgency of the diamond on their country. There are some benefits of the diamond to the county, but it also had the negative impact such as the illicit transaction of rough diamond. Many of the representative focus on the economical issue that as the impact of the rough diamond, there is also the political, such as the corruption made particular person. Some solutions that had been delivered by all countries in SPECPOL are about the security issue, and many other focus of another sector, also making the alternative policy. There is also to ask the government should make the new rules in the country, but it have not explain specifically yet by the representative of the country as well as the other solution.
COLLABORATE. Delegates of General Assembly – Legal Committee discussed the procedure of selection of Board of Selection and the flow of the Special Investigatory Department.
Representatives of the member states under the United Nation’s General Assembly – Legal Committee agreed and voted upon the creation of Special Investigatory Department (SPID) to give solution regarding the sexual exploitation by the UN personnel that were destined to work abroad.
Philippines, South Africa, and China were the sponsors of the said proposed department while the other countries agreed and voted for the creation of it. Representatives from the committee discussed the framework of the department whether the flow, function, limitations, and the process. The discussion that was agreed upon by the representatives underwent amendments and debate to clarify the importance and the role of the department to answer and to solve the problems facing an UN personnel when committed a crime.
The Special Investigatory Department or also known as SPID will be the sub-committee of the Legal Committee. It will be composed by 15 qualified members of the department that will be chose by the presidents or the chairpersons of the major organizations of the United Nations. Choosing the members of the department requires and should pass the specific criteria of standards to be qualified to be a member of the proposed department.
Criteria for the selections were: educational background, passed the psychological examinations, knows local and international laws, experience in the field. The board of selection is the president of every major organizations of the United Nations where they will choose from non-sponsoring or host country and they will choose their proxy in terms when the chosen member of the department or not around he or she has alternative when issues arises.
The representative of China concluded that through this department they can now answer and make an actions regarding the sexual exploitation cases that was done by the UN personnel.
Human Trafficking has being a constant issue of concern and many countries around the globe have work together to reduce this situation and international organizations had spread international policies and measures to prevent human trafficking to originate. Therefore the UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) members worked to combat Human Trafficking and the possible solutions to prevent it.
Firstly some of the roots of Human Trafficking were define as Poverty, False better life opportunities, unemployment and labor force. These might be one of the few motives that can lead to Human Trafficking. Consequently representative members at the UNODC stablished that educating small communities regarding these could be a start to deal with the conflict. Other ideas mention that leaning on the help of NGOs was a possible solution too.
The NGOs were seem as a better or very flexible solution, but that the government should involve directly to this matter. The creation of law enforcement was also a point covered. This last awareness was said to be set at immigration points and that the private sector should be also monitored. All these possible solutions were really well discuses, but the fact that Human Trafficking is already happening, ways to prevent it are not only the arguments that should be considerate, but post crime solutions as well. Many countries representatives deliberate the fact that punishment regarding human trafficking should be considerate.
Another important idea appointed during the session was the financial fund for the possible application of the resolutions. The main idea to deal with this matter is generate cooperation with other organizations such as The IMF (The International Monetary Fund) or The World Bank. Alongside with this organizations the possibility of generating a micro-credit solution could be possible. Not only would it help to finance the surveillance of possible Human Trafficking, but it would help to solve the problem of poverty and unemployment
The final resolutions for the main topic stayed almost the same as in the first session, NGOs were still involved in the process as important keys to support and help resolve the conflicts. Also the promotion of universal ratification of the U.N protocol to punish and prevent as well as present legal obligations to fight Human Trafficking.
The fact that these possible solutions might not be carry out in the right way leave a lot of questions in the air, but one of the most important facts and motions that should be really carry out is the education on Human Trafficking. If there is not awareness or knowledge in the matter is essential to contract attack, because if there is not familiarity with a problem then a solution would never take place.
In a conclusion we can considerate that members of the UNODC tried to find the loops on the problems and they did look in a very international way to solve the difficulties and the produce an accurate financial options to arrange the matters itself. And it is considerate important that without the presence a mutual collaboration of countries representative there will not be a solution to any global problem. Cooperation is fundamental to achieved great answers to problem solving.
August, 13. (Xinhua) – Today the Delegates of United Nations Environment Programme still discussing about their previous topic, sustainable management of natural capital. They still didn’t move forward from the land use management ways to increase the economic growth for developed country. They discuss about the working paper,especially 1.1. Because The delegates still needed more explanation about the idea of centralisation energy system. So here’s what they have achieve from the working paper.
It’s kind about the centralization energy system in land use management. There’re 4 natural resources that they can use to support energy centralization air, water, soil, and fuels. They will use the natural resource to change it to a centralization of energy system to manage urbanization. One of them is landfill waste to make man-made islands for infrastructure interests, for example, make an airport, theme park, etc. but not for human settlement because it is prone to greater soil damaged. And deviding it into 2 area. Restricted and focused area. But that solution rises a question. but that raises a question, does that not cause vulnerability to soil damage, because it’s a man-made. Not the existing soil. Also they wanted to eliminated plastic waste and increase standard of living. But, The Delegates of France said, “Why we have to eliminate plastic waste? Because plastic is one of the most efficient ingredients in this era. How do we have to eliminate it?”. But, The Delegates of China said that he believes that the plastic waste can be replaced by utilizing available natural resources. In the end, they agree to refocused on invest capital, technology, economic goods and service to developing country. And of course share the natural recources by develop and developing country, increasingthe economic growth and reduces natural capacity with new renewable energy. Right now they’re still looking forwards to find the the best solution for this land management problem.
General Assembly – Legal Committee discussed solutions regarding sexual exploitation. Ten United Nations (UN) member states agreed upon making the Special Investigatory Department that composed by personnel volunteers from non-host/sponsored countries.
Part of the proposed department, the number of volunteers was discussed. Six countries particularly United Kingdom, Philippines, Afghanistan, Australia, and South Africa suggested that the department composes 15 personnel volunteers. China proposed one representative from each country and established a criteria of choosing representatives. Philippines and South Africa added up that the special department must have reserved personnel volunteers. The Legal Committee particularly the delegate of Afghanistan proposed the Board of Selection composed of five members from the different organizations of United Nations.
Final and amendments of the proposed solutions are still being discussed most especially the criteria of selection.
SEOUL,Aug. 13 (Korean Central)- One of the goals of the UN is to maintain world peace, but what if the UN members themselves violate regulations and cause peace to be threatened. Whereas there is no legal policy that can punish them. Because they have higher immunity than the legal policy itself. Criminal accountabillity occurs mostly in countries of conflict and the most common violations that occur are sexual exploitation and abuse or we can call it sea.
Therefore, the Legal committee of AWMUN provides a solution to make an independent organization to oversee criminal accountability which is given the name of a Joint Special Investigatory Division or can be called SPID.
The work of the SPID itself is to investigate the report that came to them and to look for evidence to prove whether or not it was true. If proven to be true, all delegates of the legal committee agree that they will report to their country of origin, not to the country where they are assigned. Because if it is reported to the country where they are assigned, the country’s legal system is not stable because they are in conflict.
All delegates from legal committee agreed that the selection and qualifications of the investigation team members are needed and it also requires a group who will choose the members of SPID itself. All delegates agree that the selection board will consist of all chairmen of the United Nations’ main organs. consisting of 6 members and 1 secretary general.
One of the selection and qualifications submitted by Delegates of China “It is important to acquire SPID personnel from the UN member States’ representatives to assure that the chosen personnel are duly and officially accredited by their own States. This will assure complete cooperation and support of the UN member States to the mandate of SPID”
But some delegates disagree about that, the delegate of Italy believes that it is the same as the member SPID is from the country involved. They will feel sorry for un members who commit violations from their country. So if the SPID member is from the United Nation, it is likely that the SPID will ease the sentence against his friend.
For now SPID is the best solution for legal comity about sea issues, this issue has become an issue from 2006 and has not found a solution that can solve it. Hopefully for now this solution can be realized well.
The East Asia Summit of the United Nation hit the conference by the crypto currency issues.
By Tia Prasyatiani On 12.08.2018 on 14:00.
The topic of terrorism is increasingly becoming the world’s attention. The bombs, the terror, and many other things provided by the terrorism. But, it’s not only about that, in its core, it is a business, whereas they need money in much amount to operate the mission. The United Nation, especially the East Asia Summit which is a forum of regional leaders and was created for strategy building dialogues and maintaining cooperation in the East Asian Region discussed about this issue. The condition of the world which is currently quite diverted with the issue of terrorism arrived in Southeast Asia. Terrorism continues to work as time goes by which then raises the question of where funding financial for terrorism is. EAS then gathered to discuss this, obtained an issue about Crypto currency. And Why Crypto Currency?
A Crypto Currency
A crypto currency is a tool of the digital made designed to work as a medium exchange by those who has the business on it that safe and secure also without supervision from the financial regulator. Of course sometimes this technology works with many benefits, but there are concerns that these benefits can be exploited by terrorists.
The East Asia Summit propose many ways in particular perspective based on their countries. Some nations have do everything they can to block this syndicate. “when delegates from Thailand said that in order to deal with this problem we had to establish the intellingency agents to be able to access all access from crypto currency, we as a whole did not really agree with that. Because in our opinion is the most important thing is by making improvements and strengthening the security of each country. Thus the security system can control the crypto currency access.” said the delegates of Philipine. So the EAS want to make a system that could blocked the access and of course it takes the part of security council of the united nation.
Illicit charcoal trade committed by Al-Shabaab militias threatens international environment and security in a Civil war-torn region of Somalia, Djibouti and Eastern Ethiopia. Such a conclusion was discussed by international group of delegates during the third session of UN Security Council by AWMUN in Seoul, South Korea.
The most controversial debate was disputed between delegates of Peru, China and Kuwait concerning the problem of resource ownership in Somalia. As the representative of China underlined, country suffered decades of charcoal smuggling and deforestation (Acacia bussei and willows trees suffers the most
), that eventually outcomes with environmental degradation and extinction of local population from 9.2 to 8.42 million from 2008 to 2016.
Due to local representatives of UN Environment, the total losses concerning smugglers’ activity were measured as 7.9millionUSdollarsannuallyandbetween 2011 and 2017 more than 8.2 million trees were cut down to produce more charcoal. And the economic losses are expected to increaseinthenearestfutureas most of the local population(over 60% of responded households
) is still involved into toxic production and charcoal trafficking due to the fact that it remains the only sustainable source of income in Somalia.
In 2012 UN Security Council officially imposed ban of charcoal trade in order to curb resource crunch. But as AWMUN delegates noticed, no transparent results have been reached till in 2018, even though variousUNagencieswereinvolvedin solving the problem as UN Environment and UN Nations Development Programme, the Food and Agriculture organization that launched an initiative to promote international cooperation in support of the ban.
‘We have to cooperate with UN International Monetary Fund and clarify three amendments that include not cutting budgets of the Northern Africa humanitarian
assistance, enforcement an arm-trafficking embargo in the whole region and enacting UN patrolling over the Arabian sea to control Somali pirates’, emphasized delegate from Kuwait.
Right now the AWMUN agentsofchangearelookingforwardtofindasolutionof reducing the Somalian reliance on charcoal and discuss the scenarios of using alternative sources of energy. On the 13th of August international group of delegates is planning to reach a final agreement over the discussion around Somalia War agenda.
International Monetary Fund (IMF) started its main session due to the first conference day of Asia World Model of United Nations in Seoul, South Korea. Delegates from 28 countries discussed the topic concerning poverty reduction all over the world.
The main strategies they formulated addressed expanding the share of private investments in national budgets,redistributionoffiscalpolicyandbuildingbridges between developing and globally developed countries.
As delegate from El Salvador and Ethiopia emphasized, powerful economics such as China, South Korea or Japan, that accumulated enough of experience concerning financial stability, shall share their practice worldwide in order to create a competitive free market.
At the same time local government should rededicate the efforts to lower taxes of the domestic industries. Speakers also undermined that those measures will cultivate a new generation of leaders thatwillvalueacademiceducation,including financial one, and enhance economic systems of their countries.
Representative from Sweden also initiated motion of discussion about the origins and history of poverty in different countries. The relevance of question was reconfirmed by participation of delegates from Spain, Austria, Sweden and other European countries, who also shared their experience with dealing consistent economic crises during 70-90s.
‘Each country, even highly developed as the South Korea or Singapore once went through poverty ups and downs to reach an economic prosperity. In 2014 refugee crisis hit Europe and Northern African coast, tomorrow it may drown other countries, sotheworldcooperationturnsintoavitalquestionforworld’sstability”, – emphasized delegates, who represent European diplomats.
As Head Director of International Monetary Fund Mr. Sai Suman Mirthipati summarized, fighting the poverty is entirely a concern ofglobalsociety.However, young members of AWMUN have three more days of discussion to sum up with formal debates on poverty reduction strategy. The next topic they are expected to discuss concerns the impact of cryptocurrencies on global finance stability.
During the afternoon of August 12th, The delegates from the UNEP ( United Nations Environment Programme ) debated smoothly on sustainable management of natural capital for sustainable development and poverty eradication. Countries appoint the type of measures that were being take for correct sustainable management, Japan for example, appointed that they applied eco-friendly development measures not only in their nation, but when cooperating with other countries as well. At the same time Netherlands explained that in the present the world deals with extreme weather conditions, meaning that the weather is changing abruptly outside the normal standards that each region should have.
The current weather conditions in the world are notably changing and everyone can really tell the uncomfortable wave heats and the natural disasters happing in rare areas. These changes cannot really be reverse, therefore ways of prevention are a more debatable point to discuss rather than to sink in lost conditions. In this way the UNEP members address to “Management of Land Use” a way that can act as prevention matter in terms of environmental issues.
Delegate countries such as Philippines, Thailand, Venezuela and Netherlands confirmed their participation and financial investment on Land Management.Philippines assured that planning was the key to ensure the welfare of people. And France encouraged other delegates to create land management if necessary because it ends on proper conservation of the environment as a key conclusion of the matter.
SEOUL, Aug. 12 (Korean Central)– Human trafficking is generally known as the process of placing or maintaining individuals in exploitative situations for economic gain. Women, men and children are trafficked for a range of purposes, including forced and exploitative labour in factories, farms and private households, sexual exploitation, and forced marriage.
In these motion, it turns out that the united nation already have a special rapporteur. special rapporteur are given to individuals working on behalf of the United Nations (UN) within the scope of “special procedure” mechanisms who have a specific country or thematic mandate from the United Nations Human Rights Council.
But, in reality special repporteur is not executed properly caused by an unclear code of conduct and a blurred sense of responsibillity. Special repporteur does not own funds because they put themselves forward to the united nation. therefore, theres not a proper constitution within their government.
In human right council of awmun, there are two opinions about special rapporteur. first, transparency of policy, for the intention that all parties know about the problem, therefore if special rapportuer is wrong, all participant can reprimand it. This opinion is submitted by delegates of Australia, Qatar, and many else. Second, privacy of policy, because its a personal problem of a country. This opinion is stated by South Africa, China, Jordan, and the others.
“Privacy means that the press these not have to know, but the united nations and all the countries involeved has to know what happent in their.” said by delegates of Jordania.
Delegation of Australia stated their opinion “Delegation of Australia with its allies believes in the idea of transparency over confidentiality. We believe the transparency is important because it is the form of special rapporteur’s accountability to the general public. By making itu confidential, countries are going to doubt the impartiality of the special rapporteur, thus making them untrustworthy.”
For this case, That special rapporteur can be a good solution for human trafficking. but again depending on how the system works well – in accordance with the code of conduct – or not. Human trafficking is a big problem, and not a matter of a country but the world. and voicing it is one way to eradicate it.
SEOUL, Aug. 12 (Yonhap) — Today, the delegation of East Asian Summit discuss about terrorism funding. One of the ways to fund terrorism is through cryptocurrency. Cryptocurency is a digital currency in which encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer funds, it operates independently in a central bank. Actually, cryptocurrency is not a big problem, until a certain group used it for terrorism funding. There are two reasons why they are using cryptocurrency, first is because it is not tied to governmental taxes and the second is because it is anonymous. Cryptocurrency have a different system than banks. In bank systems, everyone knows where their money comes from and where their money is going. But in cryptocurency, everything is anonymous, eventhough it is stored in a database, only a ‘few’ people could have access to it.
The majority of the delegates already have their own opinions and solutions to solve this problem. “Russia already have Russia Intellegence Unit (RIU). The system of RIU is like a bank system but with digital money. So, the government has a database about every transaction with cryptocurrency.” Said the delegate of Russia.
“Indonesia doesn’t have enough law in cryptocurrency. But Indonesia already have a regulation about cryptocurency since 2017 but now the draft is still in the parliament, so until now Indonesia still don’t have a secured law.” Said Delegate of Indonesia.
The other solution comes from the Delegate of Thailand. The delegate of Thailand remembers that other delegates have Financial Intellegence Unit. It is a unit form the European Union that fights against money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Delegate of Thailand want the other delegate to cooperate by establishing a unit who can access the database.
For this case, an intelligence system can be the solution. But how the system goes must be the priority. If the majority of countries already have an intelligence system, the next thing is for the delegates to cooperate. Terrorism is a big deal, if they’re a big solid team than the delegates must fight against that with a bigger solid team. Terrorism is not only the problem of one country but the problem of the entire world. Unity is the key to fight against that.
Delegates of United Nations Human Rights and Council (UNHRC) from 30 Country members opened up and discussed regarding the 21st century problem – human trafficking – held in Room 317, Conference Hall COEX Convention, Seoul, South Korea, August 12.
Points were raised on how to prevent human trafficking that is visible in different countries of the world. Two points were raised during the unmoderated caucus these were the Obligations of the States in Respect to Human Trafficking and Economic obligation of States toward Human Trafficking. After the points were presented by the delegates to the chair, they discussed and debate regarding what resolutions and actions must be done by the member states most especially who experienced human trafficking.
Australia and South Africa were actively presenting to the rest of the delegates their stand about the issue. They both mentioned that Non-government organizations (NGO) of a particular country must collaborate and work with respected countries to prevent human trafficking. National governments were highly encourage to answer and to take actions to eliminate the count of human trafficking to stop and prevent it.
Discussions and debates were done during the session and no amendments and resolution where approved by all countries. Continuation will be done on their next session.
In order to give clearer picture on how the United Nations and UN body work to the delegates, Asia World MUN provide a Keynote Presentation session in the Opening Ceremony. Hopefully, from this session, the delegates will gain understanding of how UN works and how young people can get involved to contribute in the efforts promoting and protecting all human rights.
With the topic of “Youth and the United Nations: Promoting and Protecting All Human Rights, Ms. Signe Poulsen, Representative from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Seoul, would highlight the necessity for young people to be involved in the efforts of promoting and protecting all human rights, in order for young people to contribute to achieve peace in the world. This would include the issue of human security as a foundation of national and international security, which is related to human rights and their active role in maintaining the protection of human rights of other people
A rising junior at Groton School, Claire is excited to serve as your Assistant Director of the UNODC. She has been active in MUN events since 2015 and has since won Best Delegate awards from the General Assembly of Model United Nations of Seoul (MUNOS) 2015, Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of Seoul MUN (SEOMUN) 2015, ECOSOC of SKYMUN 2016, and Economic and Financial Affairs Committee (ECOFIN) of Yale MUN (YMUN) 2016. She also served as the Head Chair of the World Health Organization (WHO) for MUNOS 2016 and Vice Chair of the Cold War Committee (Specialised Committee) for YMUN 2017.
As a native of Seoul, she is excited to see delegates discuss global issues in depth right at the heart of her hometown!
Romée is an undergraduate American Studies student in Groningen, the Netherlands. She is relatively new to the world of Model United Nations, but she believes this will allow her to bring fresh ideas and enthusiasm. Her interests include politics, minority studies, the power of rhetoric, traveling, any type of music, meeting new people and debating any topic, whenever, with anyone. She is looking forward to creating a magical experience at this year’s AWMUN and turning the conference into an amazing experience for everyone. She’s looking forward to meeting everybody!
Jessica Paola Camelo is a student at the University of Southern Denmark.
She is a citizen of both Colombia and Spain currently pursuing a bachelor’s in Economics and
Business Administration at the University of Southern Denmark (Campus Sønderborg). Jessica is currently enrolled at Fudan University in Shanghai, China where is studying one semester abroad. Her international experience of living and study in five different countries (Colombia, Spain, USA, China, and Denmark) makes her a great international communicator. Besides, Jessica has also been accepted to the University of Sydney Business School to the Master of Management (CEMS) which I plan to start in 2019.
Maydi Dwi Amorzy is an university student, majoring in IR. Currently, she is in her fourth year at Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia. She has been a Liaison Officer for several debate and MUN events during her university years. She is a very active and hard working person, that can be seen from her organization and committees experiences. Many organizations and committees that have been followed. She currently resides in Surabaya, Indonesia. She can be contacted at [email protected] or +6282332952130.
Karina Noviani is a fresh Master of Notary graduate of Padjadjaran University, Indonesia. She has developed great analytical and leadership skill through her degree, as well as communication skill through her part time job as a piano teacher for 5 years and an internship at notary office for 1 year. In her spare time, she loves playing piano, handicrafting, and traveling around the world. Participating in volunteer programs has always been a part of her life. She believes that people should give what they have been given. Therefore, she can not wait to be a volunteer in AWMUN 2018 in Seoul.
Carl Cuyosis currently residing in Cebu City, Philippines. He is a Biology graduate of Cebu Normal University and earned his Master’s Degree in Public Health at Southwestern University-Philippines. He is a Project Associate for TB and HIV Program at Philippine Business for Social Progress. Carl is interested in knowing a different culture because he wants to study how it would affect the individual’s health beliefs and behaviors. Carl also wants to participate international conferences because he would be able to meet people from different countries, with different background, experience, perspectives, and culture. He is engrossed to learn more on Public Diplomacy and Multiculturalism.
I, Harvy A. Lagasca is a 3rd year student in the Philippines at Tarlac State University and Student Leader of TSU – Tarlac State University. His work now is to lead and be a voice of the students who are in need of help and oppress with the rights for education. Before I became as a Student Leader, I am a 2 year volunteer of our school who taught me to socialize and serve the other student at my University, and while there, it made realize that I am capable of serving the student and leading them at the same time.
Harold Joseph – Art is courage. This had been my mantra that embodies who I am as a 21 years old student of Tarlac State University taking Bachelor of Science in Architecture. I am Harold Joseph Duane D. Hilario, a servant leader in our university and in my community. I consider leadership as an art that requires a lot of elements. Public speaking, hosting and being master of ceremony in certain assemblies had been my major platform in my leadership career for I know that microphone is a powerful tool to inspire other individuals of any gender, culture, or age.
Farahiyah Zulkifli is a second year student at the College of Engineering, UNITEN majoring in Civil Engineering. Her interest in global issues started when she was 14, she represented Malaysia for the Girls World Forum in Chicago, America discussing MDG. She has always been interested in debate which lead her to join Model UN. She has joined other MUN conferences both as a delegate representing Mexico in UNODC and Iraq in UNESCO. Besides joining MUN, Farah also enjoys reading books and travelling. She hopes that the delegates will enjoy their time conferencing and she is excited to meet everyone!
Anis Liyana is a second-year student of Accounting in University of National Energy Malaysia. She always had an interest towards the current global crisis. She was firstly introduced to MUN by her friend and she really enjoyed the experiences that she has gathered throughout her participations as a delegate in MUNs.She have been to two MUNs and represented two countries Pakistan and Egypt tackling on humanitarians’ issues and also women’s rights. She is imploring for all the youth to participate in such event not just for the purpose of diplomacy also for the valuable opportunity that only MUNs could provide.
Zeinn Karleen Poncardas is a Psychology student at the University of the Philippines Visayas. She is a passionate writer, public speaker, and servant-leader in the Philippines. She works for various schoolbased and community-based organizations. Her stay in various organizations enable her to deliver significant impacts in her community. Her advocacy is focused on youth and education. In fact, she is currently working as a volunteer teacher to an Indigenous People school in her province. Her passion of service is accompanied with perseverance to contribute in building a better nation.
My name is Yasir Rizwie, I come from Sri Lanka which is known to its beautiful natural resources and the 30 year civil war which ended in 2009. I pursued my higher studies in Malaysia at the International Islamic University Malaysia and read for Bachelor of Accounting. I was able to work part-time at the United Nations High Commissioner in Malaysia for the past 4 years and right after my degree I am currently working as a Migration Officer counseling illegal Sri Lankan migrants in Malaysia who are trying to leave to Australia and other neighboring countries illegally. It is a great privilege to volunteer at the Asia World Model United Nation 2018
Hello, my name is Selly from Indonesia. I am a dreamer and my goals is to change my self then change the world. I hold Bachelor of Science (majoring in Physics) from Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia. I love meeting new people and learning new things, so please feel free to say hello and share a story with me. I am thrilled, and truly blessed to be a part of Asian World Model United Nation 2018. See you guys in Seoul!
Hello. I am Yeonjin Jang from South Korea. My major is creative writing. So I like reading books, watching movies, and going to the exhibition. Also, I am outgoing and smiling so I am sociable. I enjoy various sports. You can make friends with me by skiing or swimming. My favorite word is ” Live your lives extraordinary!” This is what Mrs. Killing said in the I could practice this better at this event. I want to live my life extraordinary. Thank you.
Hello, I’m Theresa Septiani and you can call me Tesa. I’m 21 years old. I am a communication student from University of Indonesia, majoring in Journalism. I am now doing my exchange program at Yonsei University, South Korea. I love singing and doing karaoke (noraebang or 노래방).
Shakhawat Hossain Shuvoraj, a student of Computer & Information Science at University of Macau. He started to engage in MUN & MEU (Model European Union) through Macao Model United Nations Association (MUNA) and Jean Monnet Programme under European Union Academic Program (EUAP).
Since then, he has joined several MUNs, MEUs and Model European Commissions both as delegate and Chair at home and abroad. In addition, he has become a part of Public Speaking U-Team and Toastmaster International. He is also a member of AIESEC China and has joined Global Volunteer Program in Middle East as part of taking action towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). At present, he is acting as the Vice President of International Students’ Association (ISA) and Vice Minister of Macao Model United Nations Association.
He acted as SMR (Social Media Reporter) in African University week 2017 and an active Campus News Reporter & Photo Journalist in Macao. In addition, he is the current Global Youth Ambassador of an UK based non governmental organization ‘Their World’.
Gyubin is a rising freshman at University College London studying the Natural Sciences. Despite his major, he is passionate about global affairs and public policy, and dreams of one day being an international policymaker for science. He has been an avid participant in and organiser of international MUN conferences for the past four years, and like Sophie, served as Head Chairperson at Singapore MUN 2018. Despite the fact that he is Korean by birth, AWMUN will be only his second conference in Korea. He hopes that delegates at AWMUN 2018 can leave the conference with a greater understanding of the nuances of global issues.
Sakhir is a freshman at the University of London pursuing a degree in Law and will be serving as the Under Secretary-General for Asia World MUN. Being an outstanding MUN-er, he has bagged multiple best delegate awards, chaired numerous conferences and had been on organization panel of a number of MUNs both nationally and internationally such as Sadiq Model United Nations, Bahawalpur and Asia Youth International Model United Nations, Kuala Lumpur.
Aside from his MUNing career, he is a serving member of numerous Non Governmental Organizations such as Youth General Assembly Pakistan and International Law Students Association. He currently serves as the Chairman of Bahawalpur Art & Science Olympiad, and as Vice President at Youth General Assembly. Other than that, he has been actively involved in community services regarding provision of free education to underprivileged children and believes that education is the best solution to a number of social issues. Sakhir looks forward to expanding his global perspectives and enjoys experiencing different cultures. He looks foward to meet you all this august at Asia World MUN, Seoul.
If you have any queries regarding any academic matter, you can contact him at [email protected]
Saarthak Ravi is a student pursuing his bachelors in Business Economics from Shivaji College, University of Delhi. Being an avid munner, debater and public speaker, he has been participating in muns since 5 years and has spun together an extensive portfolio including leadership roles such as student president of his high school, founder and president of his high school’s mun society as well founder and president of his college’s mun society. Having chaired around the world, he is known for his accommodating and encouraging nature in bringing out the best possible debate from a council.
Yushan is a freshman (who has recently concluded her first year in university!) in NUS intending to major in Political Science and Economics. Also the person behind your study guides and country allocations, she looks forward to setting a satisfactory academic standard for the conference and meeting each and every one of you in person at AWMUN in Seoul this year!
Yushan started MUNing 2.5 years back, with her taking a year-long break to focus on her A-levels exams. However, she is more than happy to engage in the activity once again. Her recent encounters with MUN over the past year saw her chairing conferences in countries and cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Sydney and Indonesia, as well as bringing home the Best Delegate/Diplomacy awards at AMUNC and PAMUN. She recently concluded her role on the secretariat for SMUN 2018 as well. Outside of MUN, she enjoys terrorising people with her horrendous puns, jamming on her violin and painting her life away.
If you wish to clarify any doubts with regards to academic matters, she can be reached at [email protected]!
Dominique is a third year law student in Faculty of Law, Universitas Indonesia. Dominique has been involved in MUN ever since high school. Her passion in international affairs and global issues has driven her to achieve numerous awards in MUN. She just won Diplomatic Commendation award of Legal Committee in the oldest and most prestigious MUN in the world, Harvard National MUN 2018 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. She also snatched Best Delegate of UN Human Rights Council in The European International MUN 2017, in The Hague, Netherlands; as well as other outstanding awards in national MUNs. Other than delegate, she is also involved in MUNs as Chairs and also Secretariat. She was the Under Secretary-General of Asia Youth International MUN 2017 in Kuala Lumpur and Under Secretary-General of Organizational of Indonesia MUN 2017 in Jakarta.
She will be serving as your Secretary-General in this Asia World MUN 2018 and she is looking forward to meet all the delegates and experience Seoul to the fullest!
My name is Mareta Amanda, I’m currently a second year student majoring International Business Management in University of Indonesia. I’ve had been interested in MUN since high school, but only started to take part in MUN when entering the university. I also currently serve as USG Delegate Relations for Indonesia MUN 2018.
I believe that AWMUN will be a great opportunity for young generations who’d like to take part in discussing the world’s issues and to experience friendship with people all over the world.
The name is Eriana Trihastuty. She is a Bachelor of International Relations from University of Moestopo, Jakarta, Indonesia. Presently, she is working as a researcher at a youth-based creative hub in the capital. She has shown her interest in Model United Nations activities since her first year of study through attending a number of MUN conferences and performing a variety of roles including Secretary-General of Moestopo Model United Nations 2015 in Jakarta and USG-Substance of Global Goals Model United Nations 2018 in Malaysia.
Eriana believes that Asia World Model United Nations (AWMUN) would be a great platform for talented delegates across the world not only to discuss the world’s most pressing issues, but also to experience a distinctive blend of age-old traditions and modern culture in the heart of South Korea. She is thrilled to serve as USG-Event for this year’s AWMUN and looks forward to welcoming you in Seoul this August!
Hoe Sue Lu, or Sue, is a law graduate from University of London international programme. Currently she is undergoing her mandatory pupilage period before being able to admit to the Malaysian Bar. Due to the exposure during her internship in a NGO, she developed an interest in human rights and public affairs. She served as a volunteer during Asia World International Model United Nations 2017, and assisted in various events throughout her study life.
Sue is excited to serve as USG-Event for Asia World Model United Nations (AWMUN) in a Seoul, a city where traditions blends harmoniously with modern culture. She looks forward and can’t wait to meet the bright delegates across the world!
is a Political Economy student at University of Asia and the Pacific. MUN will always be part of her as It has opened opportunities that enabled her to discover the part of herself that she didn’t know it existed. As a human rights activist, Patricia believes that everyone should have the right to justice and peaceful living. She personally considers the SDG 16 as a foundational goal; without strong institutions including observance of human rights and good governance and upholding of the Law, sustainable development could not be achieved. And in reaching this goal, we, the youth should play a crucial role by holding institutions and governments accountable and ensuring inclusivity in the platforms we belong. Patricia looks forward to giving the delegates the best MUN experience with the skills she knew she’s adept with!
My name is Febri and I am a third year law student at Universitas Indonesia. My deep passion on international law has brought me to chair the Sixth Committee of the UNGA at AWMUN 2018. Previously, I was involved in numerous international law-related competitions, most notably the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition last year, and again this year, where my team was awarded “Advancing Team” in the international rounds. As for my MUN experience, I have joined several MUN Competitions, such as the EuroMUN 2016 and more recently Jakarta MUN 2017. Apart from that, I have also chaired numerous MUNs, including Indonesia MUN 2016 and more recently the High School MUN 2017. In AWMUN 2018, specifically in the Sixth Committee of UNGA, I hope to see the spirit of delegates in resolving these challenging issues of international law. See you in Seoul!
In his day job, Ma Tian is a lieutenant in the Singapore Armed Forces, heading a training and general staff wing in the army. Beneath the camouflaged uniform that is his officer attire, however, resides a passionate MUNner of more than two years. Since his virgin MUN in 2015, Ma Tian has been an active figure in the Singapore MUN circuit, with 5 Best Delegates under his belt, and chairing experience from prestigious regional MUNs.
He is personally vested in investigating how the intersection of numerous soft skills involved in the sport can be utilised across disciplines, with his efforts culminating in his founding an education start-up inspired by such skills. Beyond MUN, Ma Tian has been invited to reading law at the National University of Singapore. He has long been attracted by the heuristic mechanisms, in terms of logical reasoning and critical thinking, that the study of law hones. It is therefore the intersection between his MUN and legal interests that brings him to the directorship of the Legal Committee. As a director, he promises to not just bring to participants a fulfilling and stimulating MUN experience this instance but also, above and beyond, a springboard for delegates to develop themselves as acute thinkers and drivers of tomorrow.
Youness is an Electrical Engineer graduate from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Driven by his passion for entrepreneurship, he established his own little startup called Yonedal Labs, dedicated to hardware design and green energy. He was invited in 2016 to both Russia and California to present his pilot project “PowerKasut”. In parallel to that, he is pursuing a Master degree and is working as a freelance translator and tutor. He took part in many volunteerism missions around Malaysia, and served as event manager on different occasions. He loves traveling as a nomad, and cooking, including cooking food for thought. Youness can’t stand political double standards, and would dream of a peaceful world where no one has to endure poverty, discrimination or war. That’s why he sign up himself to Asia World MUN and its values, and wants to bring his personal input to it.
Fikri Abirawa is a law student at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He has amassed a vast amount of experience in his past MUN endeavours, nationally and internationally, include his participation in the AWMUN 2018 in the UNSC council as his second International experience in chairing. Furthermore, he enjoys reading, sports, and playing musical instruments as his main hobby. He is highly dedicated to advancing his knowledge regarding human rights issues, especially in his country and would appreciate and address any inquiries regarding Indonesian human rights. He looks forward to experiencing and assessing all delegates’ intense substantive debates.
Sophie Ang is a second-year double degree student studying at Yale-NUS College, managing her time between rushing law assignments and meeting deadlines for her creative writing class. Her overwhelming academic obligations means that Model UN no longer occupies the central place in her life it once did. She has participated in various MUNs, having bagged a few awards and most recently having chaired at Singapore MUN 2018. In her spare time, she enjoys baking, drawing and K-pop dance. She is excited to be your head director and looks forward to meeting all of you and seeing a nuanced and engaging conversation on the two topics to be discussed.
Shevinu, living currently in Melbourne is a bubbly person who will certainly make any commmitte fun to be in. Having started MUN back in 2012, he’s travelled across continents to chair conferences. Known for his crazy travel adventures, constant sarcasm, over-the-speed-limit driving and the passion to meet new people, he invites everyone to actively participate and most importantly to have a wonderful time at AWMUN 2018.
Mayang Krisnawardhani is in her final year, studying Social Welfare in the University of Indonesia. During her first year of college she encounters her first Model United Nations and fell in love ever since. Throughout her experience she has the privilege of joining various prestigious MUN both as a delegate and chair such as Asia Youth International MUN, Singapore MUN, Asia-Pacific MUN Conference and.Harvard World MUN. The issue of environment has been one of her many interest and she continues that passion as an active spokesperson of the environment. In the past she has the privileged to be trained by former U.S. Vice President H.E. Al Gore in The Climate Reality Project and become part of youth representative for Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry. She hopes through AWMUN, the delegates are able to have an enjoyable experience and she can’t wait to meet everyone soon!
Good day, fellow MUN Enthusiasts!
My name is Kevin Joel Anthony, but all my friends know me as Joel (go ahead and call me that). It is my utmost pleasure to welcome you to the UNODC council of Asia World MUN 2018. I am currently in my last year studying International Relations in Universitas Indonesia minoring in non-traditional security studies. I’ve been exposed to the MUN world since my first year of college and since then has been able to snatch the Best Delegate award in Indonesia MUN 2016, represented UI in SPECPOL council of Harvard World MUN 2017, and occasionally serves as a chairperson for several national MUNs. When I am not doing MUN, I tend to keep myself busy with projects ranging from INTERPOL Indonesia, Foreign Policy Community of Indonesia (FPCI), or Jansport Indonesia. However, most of my time I spend sitting in front of my PS4 for hours or producing some sweat throwing hoops.
Mohamed Limame is the founder of Model United Nations Morocco and its current general manager. He is also the Diplomatic & Global Leadership Training program manager at International Centre For Diplomacy – ICD and Country Coordinator / Morocco at African Network Of Youth Policy Experts. Focusing on his MUN Morocco position, its missions and tasks, his role ranges from planning training programs and simulations, finding sources of funding for these programs to coaching the participants in the workings of different international bodies. He also coordinates with and coaches different student clubs from different Moroccan higher education institutes to organize simulations and events at their respective schools. Mohamed Limame also coordinates with and invites different speakers and trainers who are experts in their fields to take part in the different events his initiative organizes to lecture, train and coach the delegates and participants in the organized simulations.
Jesita Ajani is a second-year student majoring in Economics. Her interest in global economic issues has been the driving force of her motivation to participate in MUN conferences. Jesita has competed in numerous speech and debate competitions since junior high school along with other endeavours. Her favourite out of the conferences she has delegated in are Harvard National MUN and Asia Pacific MUN, bringing home Best Position Paper award. Jesita has also experienced in chairing and is currently serving as the Under Secretary General of JOINMUN 2018. She hopes that AWMUN 2018 will provide the most intriguing, substantive and excellent experience for all participants.
Arumdriya is a third year International Relations student in Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. She dreams of working in the UN and she joined MUN just for that reason. She started attending MUN in 2017, and had the best time in every MUN she has attended as a delegate. She is experienced in arranging MUN too, as she was the Under Secretary-General for JOINMUN 2017. She is currently on an exchange semester in Malmo University, Sweden on a Linnaeus-Palme scholarship.
Kiki is an Indonesian International Relations student studying in President University, boasting a GPA 3.8 along with solid experience as a researcher and possessing excellent communication and analytical skills. He has strong interests in social issues, communication and business related projects, and is extremely passionate about social media technology. He believes that no man is an island and everyone lives to encourage, uplift and strengthen one another. He would also like to let his delegates know that he is an ENFJ-T, aka “The Protagonist”. On top of that, he is a detail-oriented person who is able to operate under pressure and good at multi-tasking. He has participated in and achieved his fair share of accolades in Model United Nations conferences, and is currently engaged as an Assistant Researcher of President Research Centre for International Studies (PRECIS), Freelance Model and MC, and active as the ambassador for several institutions (Family Planning, Tourism, and Youth).
Antoni Aliarto is a fresh graduate of Universitas Indonesia, majoring in Humanities. He is currently employed with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Indonesia’s Main Office in Jakarta with the task of protecting all of the refugees located in Indonesia. Throughout his years as a student, he managed to excel in both his academics and his deep passion in MUN. Academically, he graduated as the top 5% students in his major while also being crowned as Mahasiswa Berprestasi of his major. Apart from Humanities, he also studied International Relations for a semester while he was on an exchange program to the National University of Singapore (NUS). Apart from his academics, Antoni is also distinguished in MUN. In his five years of experience in MUN, he managed to win multiple awards and also chaired several of the most prestigious MUNs in the world. The highlight of his MUN career was when he was selected as the Assistant Director in Harvard World Model United Nations 2017 in Montreal, Canada. In addition, he was also twice a Director in Asia-Pacific Model United Nations Conference (AMUNC) 2016 and 2017 in Malaysia and Hong Kong respectively. He expected nothing more but a substantial, heated, but also fun debate from the council. He is a firm believer that MUN is a great platform to learn, meet new people, establish networks, and of course create an everlasting friendship, and this is exactly what he wants from all of his delegates in this council.
Sai is a Full-time National Serviceman in the Singapore Armed Forces.Having attended his first conference at the tender age of 13 when he had yet to develop his irresistible and charming personality, he hasn’t looked back since. Over the years, he has participated in tens of conferences around the world, and has held appointments ranging from Director to Secretary-General. Current affairs, diplomacy and Model UN remain some of his key passions, so much so that the most discerning of observers have pointed out the ‘MUN’ in his last name. As Director of the International Monetary Fund at AWMUN 2018, he not only looks forward to debate of the highest calibre, but also hopes that delegates leave with pleasant memories and a renewed passion for global affairs that will last well beyond the conference.
Mr. Manalaysay is a graduate of Political Science from the University of the Philippines-
Diliman. He also holds a Master’s degree in Political Science, specializing in Global Politics from the Ateneo de Manila University. An avid MUNer since 2011, Jake has been a delegate, chair, and organizer for more than 30 Model United Nations conferences in and around the region. He has chaired several MUNs, including as Chair of SOCHUM to the 24 th Harvard WorldMUN in Seoul in 2015. He is the Deputy-Secretary-General of the 2018 Southeast Asia International Model United Nations to be held in Manila this October. He is also a member of the Board of Directors and Vice-President for Education and Research of the National Society of Parliamentarians in the Philippines. He currently works for the Philippine government as an Economic Development Specialist in the National Economic and Development Authority based in Manila.
Hi my name is shahzaib ali i am from Pakistan and i have been debating for the past 6 years. I have been the debates head for my institution i am currently pursuing law from university of London and i have been the chair of many mun’s i have recently been awarded the honour of being the debates representative in my university
Delegates will have a session of Seoul city tour where delegates can visit and sightsee some of the famous destinations in Seoul, South Korea. Delegates will visit Geongbukgung Palace, Cheonggyecheon river, a must-visit Insadong neighborhood, Namdaemun traditional and largest Korean market, and Myeongdong shopping area.
Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee considers a broad range of issues covering a cluster of five decolonization-related agenda items, the effects of atomic radiation, questions relating to information, a comprehensive review of the question of peacekeeping operations as well as a review of special political missions, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), the Report of the Special Committee on Israeli Practices and International cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space. In addition to these annual items, the Committee also considers the items on Assistance in mine action, and University for peace biennially and triennially respectively.
SPECPOL, Special Political, GA Fourth Committee, specializes in some of the most demanding issues facing the international community, issues that divide the UN’s 192 member states, including disputes over state sovereignty, shared resources and rival paths of economic and social development. Unlike the Security Council, General Assembly resolutions are non-binding, but the path they create influences everyone.
The General Assembly allocates to the Third Committee, agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world.
As in previous sessions, an important part of the work of the Committee will focus on the examination of human rights questions, including reports of the special procedures of the Human Rights Council which was established in 2006. In October 2016, the Committee will hear and interact with special rapporteurs, independent experts, and chairs of working groups as mandated by the Human Rights Council.
The Committee also discusses questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice, and international drug control.
At the seventy-first session of the General Assembly, the Third Committee considered over 60 draft resolutions, more than half of which were submitted under the human rights agenda item alone. These included three so-called country-specific resolutions on human rights situations.
The Third Committee is expected to consider a similar number of draft resolutions during the present session of the General Assembly.
ECOFIN is the Second Committee of the General Assembly which deals with issues relating to economic growth and development such as macroeconomic policy questions; financing for development; sustainable development; human settlements; globalization and interdependence; eradication of poverty; operational activities for development; agriculture development, food security and nutrition; information and communications technologies for development; and towards global partnerships.
The Second Committee will also consider issues relating to groups of countries in special situations. It will also consider the item on permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resources.