Topic: Climate change and Global effort on reducing the distribution of vector-borne diseases
Description: Climate change has caused the Earth’s temperature to rise periodically over 2-3 degrees Celsius which affects the world health. The rise of Earth’s temperature also brings many health issues into the global community, including environmental issues which are related to the vector-borne disease. The existence of vector-borne disease has killed more than 5% of the global population or in other words around 150 million lives according to the World Bank data. According to the WHO report, climate change is also closely linked to increased incidence of dengue, a mosquito-borne disease whose transmissibility has increased between 3% and 6% due to climate change since 1990. In addition, Vector-borne disease has killed more than 400.000 children in Africa. The Asia World Model UN 2019 will bring this topic into the table as the committee will discuss “Climate change and Global effort on reducing the distribution of vector-borne diseases”.
Topic: Providing solution for the Unequal Burden of rising temperatures in Low-income countries
Description: Climate change is a challenging problem including in the economic sector. As an international organization, International Monetary Fund (IMF) has an obligation to address the doubts about climate change with fact-based analysis. Global temperatures have increased at an unprecedented pace over the past 40 years, and significant further warming may occur, depending on our ability to restrain greenhouse gas emissions. Increases in temperature have uneven macroeconomic effects, with adverse consequences concentrated in countries with relatively hot climates, such as countries with the lowest income. As a mandatory economic center of the world, IMF must be able to classify matters that are considered as weather shocks and how to handle them to keep the world economy stabilized especially for low-income countries where most of the people’s livelihoods are as farmers or laborers with minimum or even below average income. The Asia World Model UN 2019 will bring this topic into the table as the committee will discuss “Providing solution of the Unequal Burden of rising temperatures in Low-income countries”.
Topic: Improving Strategy to Protect World Heritage from Climate Change
Description: World Heritage is our properties that have to be preserved and protected. World Heritage properties serve as climate change observatories to gather and share information on applied and tested monitoring, mitigation, and adaptation practices. The global network of World Heritage also contributes to raising awareness of the impacts of climate change on human societies and cultural diversity, biodiversity and ecosystem services, and the world’s natural and cultural heritage. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) may be the forefront of the world to improve the way institutions or individuals should take care, protect, and preserve the World Heritage that we already have. The Asia World Model UN 2019 will bring this topic into the table as the committee will discuss “Improving Strategy to Protect World Heritage from Climate Change”.
Topic: Increasing Energy Efficiency for Sustainable Trade and Environment
Description: Climate change is always related to the use of energy. As a way to connect producers and consumers, trade has an important part in this activity, and it will become more serious when the issue of climate change disrupts the process and results of the international trade. In trading, the use of technology and tools to produce goods and services are very important. However, the estimation of energy usage is rarely counted when, on the other hand, it may bring a huge impact to the environment. The global actors sometimes do not reflect on how to utilize energy efficiently. They tend to underestimate the caution or even regulations made by public institutions and proceed with their methods to earn income as much as possible. According to the World Economic Forum report, energy efficiency represents around 40% of the greenhouse gas reduction that can be achieved at a cost less than 60 Euro per metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent. It means that the world needs to reduce the use of energy to create a sustainable trade and environment. The Asia World Model UN 2019 will bring this topic into the table as the committee will discuss “Increasing Energy Efficiency for Sustainable Trade and Environment”.
Topic: The Challenge of Global Green Economy plan in creating equal Job opportunity in Developed and developing countries
Description: As one of the main aspects of life, the economy becomes a factor that may never be removed from the sustainability of human life. Even though climate change has come to the world, it will not danger the economic sector if we find another way to create new opportunities and jobs that are greener and friendlier for our environment. International Labor Organization (ILO) may be an initial organization that creates green jobs for a better economy in the future. Greener economy will intrigue the creation of new jobs in environmentally friendly production processes and outputs. On the other hand, the Global Green Economy plan faces various challenges in accordance with its implementation. A number of developing countries find difficulties in implementing these ideas due to several aspects such as economic framework, political situation, poverty rate, and economic power. This different perspective will also lead to different understanding in creating welfare for the entire society of both developed and developing countries. The Asia World Model UN 2019 will bring this topic into the table as the committee will discuss “the Challenge of Global Green Economy plan on creating equal Job opportunity in Developed and developing countries”.
Topic: Migration as Climate Change Adaption Strategy
Description: Climate change is one of the world’s critical problems. The impacts caused by climate change intrigues the mobility of people to flee their country to a safer country. Migration as adaptation, encompassing mobility as a strategy to tackle climate change, not only explores the possibility of migrating as a way to overcome the effects of climate change but also examines some of the risks involved in that strategy. A number of researchers argue that migration has been a traditional coping strategy for centuries, that can be improved in order to face climate change. Rather than viewing migration as a last resort, these researchers have proposed the idea that migration may become a new way for people to diversify agricultural livelihoods in response to climate change impacts. Migration as adaptation is a policy area that must be given more consideration. Policy makers may consider how they can assist people that wish to avoid risky situations but are trapped by increasing poverty and livelihood degradation.
Topic: Displacement, Human Mobility, and Climate Change
Description: Climate change is one of the factors that drive human mobilizations to flee the state, such as those caused by natural disasters. As stated in the UNHCR statistical data, it is mentioned that 68.5 million people around the world have been forced to leave their home. Among them are nearly 25.4 million refugees, over half of whom are under the age of 18. There are also an estimated 10 million stateless people who have been denied a nationality and access to basic rights such as education, healthcare, employment and freedom of movement. The Asia World Model UN 2019 will bring this topic to the table as the committee will discuss “Displacement, Human Mobility, and Climate Change”.