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Economic and Social Council

United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

Topic : Enhancing the Significance of a Regional Human Rights Mechanism with International Standards

Advances in information communication technology are dramatically improving real-time communication and information-sharing. But at the same time, it has become clear that these new technologies are vulnerable to electronic surveillance and interception. Such surveillance threatens individual rights – including privacy and freedom of expression and association – and inhibits the free functioning of a vibrant civil society. Is this right in today’s era or should something be done by the UNHRC to control or eradicate this?

Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

Topic : Regulation and Taxation of Artificial Intelligence in Private Companies

The future will no longer be what we once thought. It is widely acknowledged that the pace and breadth of technological advances are intensifying especially with the usage of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on the rise. Critics would inevitably argue that the innovative changes brought by this machine learning technology would advance and alter conventional workforces, but data has suggested that at the same time, the cost, or in other words rising employment rates, would reach an extent where the jobs of many would be at a loss, in the long run. The discussion in this committee will focus on best practices and new initiatives with respect to the latest developments in this area, including how policies can harness the benefits of progress in science and technology while minimizing their unintended, negative consequences.

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

Topic : Law Protection of children at the risk of exploitation

All children have the right to be protected from violence, exploitation, and abuse. Yet, millions of children worldwide from all socioeconomic backgrounds, across all ages, religions, and cultures get exploited where they are exposed to violence and abuse, and millions more are at risk. There is significant evidence that this bad experience can affect the child’s physical and mental health in the short and longer term, impairing their ability to learn and socialize, and impacting their transition to adulthood with adverse consequences later in life. UNICEF has to come up with laws, policies, and regulations that can protect these children from such negative impacts.

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women)

Topic : Women’s Participation in the Political, Economical and Technological Sector.

Gender inequality pervades all aspects of social and economic life, and affects countries at all levels of development. Women continue to be poorly represented in the political, economical, and technological fields around the world. The number of women in the labour force has moved closer to that of men in the past few decades, but in most countries, women are still less likely to be represented in such arenas. Goal 5: Gender Equality – emphasises the central role for these issues to be addressed. The UNW council should discuss policies that can empower women access to a more equal world.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Topic : Promoting Sustainable Urbanization to Reify Sustainable Cities.

With the majority of the global population now living in cities and the numbers growing daily, making cities inclusive, sustainable, resilient and safe is critical to achieving the 2030’s Agenda. Urbanization has to be done right in order to have sustainable cities for the sake of the future. The UNDP will have to look at new approaches to ensure the world is on the right track to achieve Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Topic : Discussing the Progress of Universal Access to Education to Prepare for the New Industrial Age.

The changes in the world today are characterized by new levels of complexity and contradiction. These changes generate tensions for which education is expected to prepare individuals and communities by giving them the capability to adapt and to respond. While we are on the brink of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, there are concerns about Universal Access to education and whether or not our current systems are able to equip us with the necessary skills to adapt to these fast pace changes. This committee will have the responsibility to consider and/or suggest how to go about closing the education gap between countries while at the same time preparing for the new industrial age.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Topic : The Developments of Renewable Energy Technology in Response to Climate Change.

Annual energy consumption around the world is increasing as the population continues to grow along with the demand for energy, particularly in developing countries. The threat of climate change is now undeniable and future generations will face the severe consequences of pollution and global warming caused by excessive energy usage. This committee must address. This committee must respond to the pressing issue of climate change through the possibilities of creative developments.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

Topic : War against trafficking: Countering Human Trafficking in the Digital Era

The digital era has changed the traditional realm and modus operandi of organised crime, such as human trafficking. With the increasing access to and usage of the internet, major criminal activity has expanded to the online sphere. Law enforcement around the world is however largely not prepared for combating cybercrime. However, together, states in the UNODC have the potential to come up with a solution on how to combat and handle such crimes.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Topic : Enhancing the Significance of a Regional Human Rights Mechanism with International Standards

The human rights are being violated in many parts of the world and they are an ever-increasing concern which should be addressed effectively. The human rights mechanisms can work on many dimensions: local, national, regional and international. The regional human rights mechanisms can play a very effective role in the process of establishing human rights with conformance to international standards. The foremost concern to resolve an issue concerned with human rights is to involve the regional human rights mechanisms. Hence, the regional human rights mechanisms need to be strengthened and they also need to be more inclusive. The laws of the regional mechanism also need to be revised in order to maintain international standards.

United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

Topic : Measures to ensure sustainable and environmentally responsible tourism in destinations.

We should recognize the important role tourism can play in advancing sustainable development and accelerating progress across all 17 Goals of Agenda 2030. However, this should not come at the cost of the environmental issues and therefore this committee will be discussing how we can ensure the protection of the environment while using tourism as a means of sustainability.

Hari Prasad from India just Registered on AWMUN